The Elm tree scientifically referred to as the Ulmus tree is a rapidly growing North American tree; it produces a green flower before leaves appear in the early months of spring from March to April. The elm tree must be fifteen years of age or older before the seeds will develop. Once the seeds are ripe wildlife such as chipmunk, rabbit, and deer use them as a food source. Elm trees are native to Kansas and Missouri; the elm tree is experiencing a rapid decline in the area because of the deadly Dutch Elm disease. The elm tree enters the dormant period after the first frost of the year, typically that occurs in our region sometime in October.
The hard maple, scientifically referred to as the sugar maple is a tree native to the Kansas and Missouri area. Hard maples go dormant at the time of the first hard frost which is usually Mid-October early November; and start blossoming after the last frost in spring, in Mid-March.
The Celtis tree is also known as the common hackberry tree is native to Kansas and Missouri. The Hackberry tree begins to produce its fruit in April or May of each year, the fruit will have fully matured by September or October of each year when the tree becomes dormant. These trees are an excellent food source for wildlife such as robins or turkey and can even attract white-tailed deer. Hackberry trees have an extremely long, life expectancy because they can survive extreme weather conditions such as droughts.
• Trimming and pruning should be done annually on a hackberry tree younger than 40 years to help with the structural integrity of the tree.
• Hackberry trees have an irregular growth pattern that requires tree care maintenance to train the limbs and branches to grow in a manageable form.
• Branches that are injured or diseased should be removed immediately to avoid further damage to other limbs or property.
• Witches brooms is a common disease that effects hackberry trees, it is not a particularly harmful disease to the hackberry, however it can be atheistically unappealing to the eye. Witches broom caused deformities in the flower buds, and twigs. If left untreated the witches broom may cause the surrounding limbs and branches to develop this disease and or create overall growth issues. Pruning or thinning the affected areas will eradicate the disease.
• Leaf spot fungi is a common disease within the hackberry species and tree in general, this disease will also effect the appearance of the tree. Removal of the area(s) is recommended to treat the leaf spot fungi.
• When Oak fungus is exposed to a hackberry tree, the oak fungus is a danger to that tree. If a damaged or injured hackberry tree(s) comes into contact with oak fungus, the fungus can cause root rot which will kill the tree.
Oak trees scientifically referred to as Quercus has multiple classifications such as English Oak, Northern Red Oak, and White Oak. Oak trees are common to the Midwest region; they start blooming annually in April or May. Flowering and leaf production can coincide or one following another; typically the flowering develops first. The Oak tree can begin fruiting between twenty and thirty years of life. The acorns are a vital food source for animals like quails, white-tailed deer, squirrels, rabbits, ducks, and turkeys. Depending on the seasonal conditions the oak trees begin fruiting as early as August or as late as October. Oak trees transition into the dormant period shortly after. Oaks tree provides an ample amount of shade throughout the spring and summer months and can survive in an urban setting.
• It is professionally recommended by arborists to train an oak tree(s) growth to follow a particular central lead to avoid overgrowth and crowding of branches throughout the tree; this can be done to a mature or young oak tree.
• Annually trimming a young oak tree(s) specifically when they’re growing in a cluster helps the oak tree develop into a structurally sound and aesthetically pleasing oak tree.
• Untrained oak trees are more prone to experiencing broken our limbs and branches during ice and thunderstorms.
• Heavy pruning sessions on an oak tree should be done during the dormant period of the winter month in December and January, anytime late June through mid- September.
• Oak wilt: oak trees are susceptible to oak wilt, a rapid moving fungal disease that affects the water vessels of the oak tree. Oak wilt prevents water from moving from the root(s) of the tree to the crown. The average life expectancy of the oak tree after being affected by the fungus is one to three months, but some oak trees can survive up to a year. Wilting and dying leaves are the most noticeable symptoms during the beginning stages, at a time when the tree should be in the blooming season. The oak wilt fungus has been found in sixteen oak tree species and has created the most damage in the Midwest. The fungus can be spread through the roots of the tree if an infected tree is close to a healthy oak tree; the disease can spread through a sap-feeding beetle which hosts and infects healthy oak trees.
• Hypoxylon canker: this disease is also caused by a fungus it mainly affects oak trees but can also be found among the maple and hickory species. This fungus affects the natural nutrients of the oak tree and its water supply. Hypoxylon canker disease now called biscogniauxia dieback; dieback occurs to stressed oak trees. A stressed oak tree is classified as one suffering from natural or environmental hardships such as severe drought, chemicals toxins or root damage. The fungus can also enter the trees through the damaged bark. Identifying dieback can be challenging; however, symptoms include dead or dying branches, wilting leaves, brown sapwood and thinning of the crown.
• Armillaria Root Rot: Is a fungus that affects hundreds of species; from shrubs and bushes, vines and trees. The disease is found in soil throughout the United States Armillaria root rot kills the base of the tree, causes wood decay, reduced foliage, and is spread by root to root contact. Identifying Armillaria root rot is difficult because it appears as mushroom type fungus at the base of the tree.